A study by a French research team published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) pointed out that there may be a correlation between the consumption of high-sugar drinks and increased cancer risk.
In recent decades, the global consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has increased, which is also an important factor in obesity, which is considered to be a strong risk factor for many cancers. But research on the risk factors between sugary drinks and cancer is still limited.
Therefore, a French research team began to evaluate the relationship between sugary drinks, artificially sweetened drinks, overall cancer risk, and breast, prostate and rectal cancer. The study was based on 101,257 healthy French adults with an average age of 42 years, with 21% males and 79% females.
The researchers conducted a nine-year follow-up visit to these participants and asked each participant to complete at least two 24-hour online validation dietary questionnaires designed to measure the normal intake of 3,300 different foods and beverages.After calculation, the average daily consumption of sugary drinks by men is 90.3 ml, and that of men is 74.6 ml. During the follow-up period, 2,193 participants were diagnosed with cancer, including 693 breast cancers, 291 prostate cancers, and 166 colorectal cancers. The average age of these cancer patients was 59 years.
The results show that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages above 100 ml will increase the overall risk of cancer by 18% and the risk of breast cancer by 22%. However, no association between high-sugar drinks and prostate cancer and colorectal cancer has been found.
The researchers explained: “After sorting sugary drinks into other sugary drinks and juices, the same can increase the risk of cancer. Artificial sugar drinks are currently not related to the risk of cancer.”
“These results suggest that it may be due to the effects of sugar in sugary drinks on visceral fat, blood sugar levels and inflammatory markers, as these can increase the risk of cancer.”
But since this is just an observational study, it is not possible to determine the cause of the increased risk of cancer, or it may be due to an increased risk of cancer due to certain wrong ingredients in the beverage.