Regular Exercise Helps Prevent Chronic Diseases

Scientists at the Hanover medical school in Germany have demonstrated in several studies the importance of exercise in preventing disease. Regular exercise can help prevent chronic disease and ensure a successful transplant. The results were published recently in the lancet public health journal and have been applied from model project studies to everyday life in factories and schools.

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Regular swimming, cycling and running are important factors affecting cell regeneration and aging. Researchers at the Hanover school of medicine confirmed that both adults and children could benefit from regular exercise by investigating the cell regeneration and functional performance of volunteers through physical exercise. “Obesity, high blood pressure and high blood sugar are risk factors for cardiovascular disease and can lead to organ failure,” said professor Harvey rich, director of the chest transplant and vascular surgery clinic at Hanover medical school. “We are able to demonstrate that regular physical activity can reduce risk factors and prevent disease.”

The study also confirmed that transplant patients could benefit from exercise training, especially in animal studies, which reduced the incidence of vascular damage after heart transplants.

Researchers have applied the findings to Volkswagen’s health promotion program, where doctors and coaches treated 312 workers at the wolfsburg plant alone and compared them with untreated controls.

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The trained volunteers were shown to have reduced health risk factors and the severity of metabolic syndrome, such as high blood pressure, hyperglycemia and disorders of fat metabolism. The well-trained participants lost 3-5 kilograms of weight, lost up to 9 percent of their body fat and improved their ability to work by 4 percent. Researchers at the Hanover school of medicine and partner Volkswagen have been awarded the bayer brunn foundation’s 2019 health prize for their work.

The collaboration also studied 67 male audi employees. Using the length of white blood cells’ telomeres as an indicator of their ability to regenerate, they found that training for half an hour a day for six months extended their telomeres by as much as 6%. This indicated that the cells had recovered and the subjects were able to significantly reduce their biological age with the help of endurance exercise.

Similarly, a sample of 290 women over the age of 45 who had not previously participated in regular exercise found that exercise improved heart, blood vessels and other body functions in middle-aged women.