Diabetes is mainly related to the lack of insulin secretion, and now the prevalence of diabetes is increasing, so it is urgent to control diabetes.
The methods of controlling blood glucose are mainly insulin injection or oral hypoglycemic agents, so what are the differences between these two ways of controlling blood glucose?
First, insulin and hypoglycemic agents have different mechanisms of action. Hypoglycemic agents exert hypoglycemic effects by stimulating insulin secretion, enhancing insulin sensitivity, inhibiting the absorption of glucose in the stomach, reducing postprandial blood glucose and enhancing the absorption of blood glucose by cells, while insulin supplements insulin directly to improve hyperglycemia symptoms.
Secondly, insulin and hypoglycemic drugs are used in different ways. Oral hypoglycemic agents are easy to store and can be taken orally as prescribed by the doctor, while insulin needs to be stored in cold storage and injected subcutaneously.
Then, insulin and hypoglycemic drugs have different side effects. Oral hypoglycemic agents are metabolized by the liver and are harmful, while insulin does not need to go through the liver and thus has fewer side effects.
Finally, insulin and hypoglycemic agents have different duration of action. Oral hypoglycemic agents need to pass through the digestive tract and liver before they can be absorbed by the body, so they take a long time to take effect. In contrast, direct injection of insulin can reduce glucose quickly.
Insulin plays the most direct role in lowering blood sugar, which can make up for the insufficient secretion of insulin by pancreatic islet cells, protect pancreatic islet cells, reduce the work load of pancreatic islet cells, and prevent or delay the damage of pancreatic islet cells. However, it is difficult to preserve and requires subcutaneous injection, and large doses are likely to cause severe hypoglycemia.
Compared with insulin storage, oral hypoglycemic agents are more convenient and more acceptable to patients. However, it is slow to take effect and cannot directly solve the problem of insulin deficiency. Long-term oral hypoglycemic agents can easily increase the burden of pancreatic islet cells. In addition, oral hypoglycemic agents also need to go through liver and kidney metabolism, so liver and kidney may be damaged.
Diabetes is mostly caused by abnormal insulin in the body, so insulin injection can solve the problem of hyperglycemia at the root, so can all diabetic patients inject insulin? There are actually indications for insulin.
Although insulin can reduce blood glucose quickly, it is easy to show severe hypoglycemia such as pale face, sweating or trembling after long-term or excessive injection of insulin. Therefore, it is recommended to strictly test blood glucose during insulin injection. In addition, insulin is a hormone drug. Long-term injection of insulin can easily lead to weight gain.
Both oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin can reduce blood sugar, but sugar lovers should remember not to rely too much on drugs, combined with exercise and healthy diet to get the maximum hypoglycemic effect.