The Canadian government has also begun to take action in response to plastic waste that is jeopardizing the ecosystem. Prime Minister Trudeau announced on June 10 that the country will ban the use of most disposable plastic products, including plastic bags, straws, tableware and stir bars, in 2021.
Trudeau announced the decision in a nature reserve in the hills of St. Hilaire in Montreal, saying that people have had enough to watch the parks and beaches filled with plastic. According to the statement, 1 million birds and 100,000 marine animals die each year from misuse of plastic waste as food. On a global scale, there is a truck of plastic waste poured into the ocean every minute.
Trudeau specifically mentioned that the recycling rate of plastic waste in Canada is less than 10%. If this situation does not change, by 2030, Canadians will throw away $11 billion worth of plastic waste a year. Through the recycling and reuse of plastic waste, Canada can not only improve pollution, but also create 43,000 jobs.
China refused to accept, the Philippines returned, and the “waste export” big Canadian will announce the ban on plastics. The government will further scientifically determine which plastic products will be included in the “blacklist”. But Trudeau said that Canada will learn from the experience of the European Union. In March last year, the European Parliament passed a bill similar to Canada with an overwhelming number of votes, stipulating that from 2021, the EU countries should be completely banned from using 10 disposable plastic products such as drinking tubes, tableware and cotton swabs. According to a study by the European Union, 80% of the rubbish on the beaches of European countries is plastic.
Plastic waste pollution is one of the major environmental issues recognized worldwide. As the pollution of plastic waste continues to deteriorate, more and more countries and cities are beginning to restrict or even ban the use of plastic products, and plastic bags are the target of public criticism. The three states of New York, California, and Hawaii have passed laws prohibiting the use of disposable plastic bags in retail stores.
In June 2018, at the G7 meeting of ministers of environment, energy and oceans, Canada, as the rotating presidency, promoted consensus among countries on plastics reuse, recycling and pollution reduction, promising all plastic waste in the seven countries by 2040. Can be recycled, incinerated or used twice.
Not long ago, Canada and the Philippines were caught in a diplomatic conflict due to plastic waste. At the end of April, Philippine President Duterte repeatedly asked Canada to ship 69 containers filled with rubbish stranded in the port of Philippine. These containers were exported from Canada to the Philippines between 2013 and 2014. The label of the recyclable plastic is attached to the outside of the container, but in fact, the inside is filled with used adult diapers, household garbage, plastic bags, and the like. The Philippine side limited Canada to return all the garbage before May 15, but it was not until May 31 that the garbage was shipped back to Canada, and the Canadian party would burn the garbage.
In response to climate change, in January this year, the Trudeau government introduced a “carbon tax” regulation program to control carbon emissions, stipulating that from January 2019, the government will tax 30% of the company’s total carbon dioxide emissions. The tax rate is 20 Canadian dollars per ton (about 15.4 dollars), and the carbon tax per ton in 2022 rose to 50 Canadian dollars (38.4 dollars). Trudeau called it a “pollution tax.”
However, due to concerns of the corporate community about its own competitiveness and ability to attract foreign investment, the scale of taxation has finally decreased. Most industries will pay 20% of the total carbon emissions. Steel, aluminum, cement and other industries that are subject to “high competitive risk” in international trade are taxed at 10% of the total carbon emissions.